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Opposing Viewpoints

Mercantilism is an ideology and practice that believes in the benefits of profitable trading, puts commerce or trade and business as the foremost priority of a nation and propagates the concept that only such a practice is the best way ahead for a nation, to its prosperity and better future. Mercantilism has many variants. There are economic and social offshoots. There are free market aftermaths and protectionism along with several other schools of thought that have resulted as a direct impact of mercantilism that was born in Europe.

List of Advantages of Mercantilism

1. A Prosperous Country
Mercantilism leads to profits and that paves the way for a country to become prosperous. A world that is driven by money and economics trumps everything else, it is only befitting to focus on trade, commerce and business which will get the people better and more secured lives, more money to spend and all the riches that money can buy.

2. Economic Growth
Mercantilism leads to more trade, which will lead to economic growth. The increasing trade will certainly spike demand and hence industrial growth will follow. It is not confined to any one industry. Export of foods will lead to growth in agriculture. Manufacturing growth is unavoidable as exports of all kinds of goods increase. Every facet of an industry or the larger economy that will be touched by mercantilism will experience a boom.

3. Jobs & Entrepreneurship
The growth will have a direct impact on jobs. People will have work, they will get paid and the unemployment problem will cease to remain an issue. Mercantilism will also boost entrepreneurship. With more trade and higher profits, more aspiring entrepreneurs will get the funds and have the ability to take risks to run their own businesses, also to expand and venture into new territories.

4. A Stronger and More Influential Nation
Mercantilism leads to greater influence in a region and across continents. Nations depending on the goods and services of a country will be indebted in many ways. Foreign relations among countries will improve. The country benefiting from mercantilism will have an irrefutable advantage too. It will have more resources, financial and military. There will be new inventions, encouraged by prosperity and the perennial quest for growth.

List of Disadvantages of Mercantilism

1. Grave Consequences
Mercantilism is a one way traffic. Colonialism was a direct fallout of mercantilism and everyone knows how that panned out from the United States to India. The focus being entirely on money, everything else takes a backseat, from human rights to will of people. Trade and commerce cannot be the only benchmarks for a country’s well being. There are many other aspects of life. Mercantilism leads to constant strife among counties. Every country will want the best for itself and that will lead to protectionism, military conflict, sabotage and all kinds of heinous games in the international arena.

Limestone is one of the most valuable natural resources known to man. Limestone is used for a plethora of purposes, most importantly to make concrete and glass. The method used to extract limestone from the earth’s crust, which includes the topmost surface of the various layers of soil, is known as quarrying. Also known as limestone quarrying, the practice has been debated hotly all around the world. Proponents of quarrying obviously lay out the advantages and why it should go on. Critics have cited grave consequences, most of which is already visible. Many cite coal mining and the subsequent environmental impacts but limestone quarrying should not be equated with mining and obtaining nonrenewable fossil fuels. Limestone doesn’t get combusted to produce energy.

List of Advantages of Limestone Quarrying

1. Jobs: The Economic and Social Impact
Limestone quarrying is a labor intensive operation. Machines or automated systems cannot take over the whole process. Large labor forces around the world are employed by innumerable small, medium and large companies. Limestone quarrying generates a lot of jobs. There is a direct economical impact. If limestone quarrying is banned today, innumerable people will be unemployed and they may not get any job elsewhere, with the employment scenario already looking grim. There is a social impact as well. Most people who work at quarries live nearby and there is a township, reasonable development and a small world of its own where people set up their lives.

2. Quintessential Raw Material
Limestone is a quintessential element or raw material for cement, paper, concrete, glass and it is also used to neutralize soils and acidic lakes. There is thus a larger industrial role and also an ecological significance.

List of Disadvantages of Limestone Quarrying

1. Immediate Ecological Damage
Limestone quarries are unsightly. They destroy forests and land, take away the habitats of animals and leave an ecological footprint that is irreparable. In some cases limestone quarries are landscapes so they can blend in with the larger environment over time and don’t look unsightly but the composition of the soil and the topography is altered forever. It is very similar to the impact of mining.

2. Larger Environmental Damage
Limestone quarrying as a process has its carbon footprint. The transport of limestone quarried leads to more environmental degradation. All uses of limestone have varying but some adverse impact on the environment. Large rocks are blasted to extract limestone which leads to more particulate matter in the air.

Light microscopy has been in use for more than four hundred years. Ever since glass lenses were invented, they have been designed to function as magnifiers. Zaccharias Janssen was the first to use lenses in a kind of a tube to enhance its compounding effect. Galileo enhanced the prevalent design and then Anton van Leeuwenhoek’s came up with a microscope that could magnify an element or object by up to 270 times its diameter. Such lenses and in effect light microscopes have been used to study water droplets, bacteria, blood capillaries and plants.

List of Advantages of Light Microscopes

1. Affordable & Easy to Use
Light microscopes use light, which is free unless you are in an artificially lit environment. Natural light or sunlight to be precise is more than sufficient to use light microscope. There is no special aid necessary for its operation. That has changed over the years for enhancing effects but light microscope still remains the more affordable one among the various options at your discretion.

2. Lightweight and Small
Light microscopes don’t have many unnecessary or excessive components, which mean it can be small and light. These two attributes make light microscopes portable. Most people who have to carry microscopes around with them and to offsite locations will prefer light microscopes.

3. Observation Quality
Light microscopes use the spectrum of light that is cognizable to the human eye and hence the observation is as natural as it can get. Any specimen being studied will respond to natural light just the way our naked eyes would view it so the natural colors get reflected and we get to see a real magnified image but without any alteration to the composition of color or texture. Light microscopes are also unaffected by any kind of magnetic field, which helps in certain situations wherein aberrations can happen due to the presence of some electromagnetic field or some other disrupting factor.

List of Disadvantages of Light Microscopes

1. Limitations
Light microscopes can magnify specimens or objects up to fifteen hundred times their actual size. This is amazing if you consider objects naturally visible to the eyes. But when you consider microscopic specimens then the magnification is not very impressive. Also the depth of field is confined. For very specific observations of elements or specimens that are smaller than 0.275 microns or smaller than half the wavelength of white light require electron microscope.

Lasik surgery (also written as LASIK) is laser assisted in situ keratomileusis, a procedure that is commonly referred to as laser eye surgery and also as laser assisted vision correction. It is the most common procedure opted for by several hundred thousand people in the world every year. While recommended and unavoidable for many, Lasik surgery is not always the default option and people can choose to not go for the procedure. Let us explore the advantages and disadvantages of Lasik surgery.

List of Advantages of Lasik Eye Surgery

1. Vision Correction
Lasik surgery will correct viewing anomalies you have in your eyes. You can get rid of the power of lenses or glasses you have to wear without affecting the acuity in your vision. The procedure would remedy blurriness, inability to figure out the exact form or shape of some images or letters and backdrops among other vision related problems that people usually have. Lasik surgery is an effective procedure for vision correction. People can see just as good as they did with lenses or glasses. There will be a few hours when the cornea will heal and recuperate from the surgery. After that, one will witness steadfast vision correction.

2. Farewell Glasses and Lenses
People who have undergone Lasik surgery don’t wear glasses or any type of lenses. Bid adieu to spectacles while having much better vision. Lasik eye surgery can actually offer better vision than what glasses or lenses provide. Most people report having amazing clarity of vision after the cornea heals completely.

3. Healthy Eyes
Glasses and lenses are uncomfortable, often irritating and lenses cut out the flow of oxygen to the cornea. This leads to damage to cornea in time, especially with lenses. You may have seen people wearing lenses having a twitching problem. All such adverse effects and potential side effects of lenses and glasses can be done away with. Your eyes will be healthier after Lasik eye surgery.

List of Disadvantages of Lasik Eye Surgery

1. Adverse Effects
Lasik eye surgery doesn’t help with vision in the dark. There are night vision issues and although not common you may experience problems in low lit conditions and at night. Red spots in the eyes, bruises, subconjunctival hemorrhages and dry eyes are the other potential side effects. There could be a longer recovery time for some people after the procedure and that can be troubling.

Kiwi is a rare fruit. It has some significant health benefits but there are some risks as well. It is not a fruit you would find with every grocer or at every supermarket. The primary reason why kiwi fruit has become popular now is its impact on weight loss, rather its role as a facilitator. Let us explore the kiwi fruit advantages and disadvantages to find out if you should consume it.

List of Advantages of Kiwi Fruit

1. Weight Loss
Kiwi fruit is rich in nutrients but has no fat. It is not a calorie rich fruit. Most fruits are nutritious and don’t have much fat but some have high calorie content, such as bananas and apples. Kiwi fruit doesn’t add an iota of excess calorie to the diet. Furthermore, kiwi fruit is rich in dietary fiber. You are perhaps aware that dietary fiber can absorb bad cholesterol, which would not only aid weight loss but also lead to better overall health. Dietary fiber also speeds up metabolism and assists healthy digestion. The increased metabolism leads to the utilization of saturated fat in the human body.

2. Strengthened Immunity
Kiwi fruit is rich in prebiotics. Prebiotics are good bacteria necessary for the optimum growth of probiotics that are already present in our intestines. The probiotics in the gut help in strengthening the immune system. These good bacteria fight the bad bacteria and other free radicals. Should the good bacteria be outnumbered by bad bacteria which happens often, there will be health problems. Kiwi fruit with its prebiotics maintains the count and lead to further growth of good bacteria or probiotics.

3. Stronger Bones and Healthier Vital Organs
Kiwi fruit is rich in calcium, zinc, iron, magnesium and manganese among other minerals. These help the bones and vital organs like liver and kidneys.

List of Disadvantages of Kiwi Fruit

1. Side Effects
Kiwi fruit can have a plethora of side effects. Many people are allergic to the fruit. There is no way you can know for sure before you consume it but if you are generally allergic to some fruits and especially those that grow in the wild, then you should avoid consuming kiwi. Swelling and rashes are common. Oral allergy syndrome, dermatitis, pancreatitis and diarrhea are other known side effects. Kiwi fruit should not be consumed during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. The fruit can interfere with drugs or medication and also with regular diet.

Precedent is the basis of common law and therefore the American judicial system. In theory, the proper application of past decisions should provide clarity and stability to court decisions. However, there are also many objections to the strict use of judicial precedent and potential disadvantages to reliance on past decisions over other factors.

The Advantages of Judicial Precedent

1. Continuity
Precedent means following the example or ruling set by a court when judging a similar case. In theory this should provide a solid foundation for judges to base a future ruling off, provided the line of reasoning and conclusions reached follow the established precedent.

2. Clarity
The application of well known precedents also makes it easy for other actors in society to understand and conform to the law. If judicial rulings and punishments follow an established rule, it cuts down on the appearance of favoritism or unfair persecution under the law that can arise as a result of different outcomes to similar cases.

3. Stability
Jurisdictions that apply common law are some of the oldest continuously operating judicial systems in existence. This is in no small part a result of the continued application of precedent over time. If citizens or actors in a society are clear about what the rules are and outcomes when they are violated, it has been shown to support better governance and economic performance.

The Disadvantages of Judicial Precedent

1. Constrains Judicial Decisions
One of the primary responsibilities of a judge is to use their discretion when applying the law. By forcing independent judges to follow a strict precent, it forces them in some cases to apply a harsher or lesser penalty than they otherwise feel is deserved. While many will point to this lack of ambiguity as an advantage, the constraint it places on judges when interpreting the law can also be a disadvantage at times.

2. Enshrines Bad Decisions
The appeals process exists because the system allows for the possibility that judges and juries can err in their application of the law. A flawed decision can be reversed on appeal but when a decision automatically becomes precedent that can be followed in future cases, it can perpetuate bad law and potentially undermine the judicial system.

3. Inflexible
Some aspect of the law are immutable however others rules and regulations change over time. While judicial precedent does protect the enduring principles upon which the most important rulings are based, it can also limit the ability of the law to adapt to new developments in society.

There are numerous job enrichment advantages and disadvantages. Business owners can utilize this measure to increase the depth of an individual’s job, rather than the quantity of that person’s job. Job enrichment provides employees with the opportunity to try things. These things can include responsibilities that were not initially included in their job description.

As you can imagine, there are a variety of advantages and disadvantages to this concept. It is interesting to note that the advantages and disadvantages apply to not only the owners of the businesses. These things can also apply to the employees who make up the company.

List Of Advantages Of Job Enrichment

As a means for business owners to try their employees out on new things, job enrichment has a number of advantages. In terms of job enrichment pros, you can consider the following:

1. Employees can learn new skills.
Through trying new things, employees can eventually learn to develop new skills. An employee who is tasked with managing a new task will often have to complete additional, smaller tasks within the larger one. Without taking the employee too far out of their comfort zone, it can be possible to use job enrichment to utilize established skills in new and exciting ways. With the foundation of the skills they have, they will be in the best position possible to develop new skills through their new responsibilities. These new skills can then serve to provide the individual with benefits in other aspects of their work.

2. Employees can reduce boredom.
Over time, employees can get bored with doing the same old thing. This can lead to a decline in morale, which can then lead to a decline in motivation. In order to alleviate the boredom that can arise from individuals performing nothing beyond the particulars of their job description, the enrichment measure can provide them with the spark of being able to try something new.

3. Employees can receive recognition.
Through job enrichment, you can more accurately determine the strengths and weaknesses of your employees. If someone performs a task particularly well, it can lead to recognition in a variety of forms. It can even lead to promotions.

4. Employees can remain motivated.
When a business owner trusts their employees with new tasks that are complex and engaging, employee motivation can take a dramatic upswing. This is because the employees are going to feel validated and respected. When they feel validated and respected, they will become more efficient in the workplace.

Disadvantages Of Job Enrichment

While there are some clear advantages to job enrichment, there are also a number of disadvantages of job enrichment that you will want to keep in mind. In terms of the problematic elements to job enrichment that can emerge, consider the following:

1. Lack of training.
Giving employees greater depth of tasks can cause problems through their lack of experience and training. If these things are significant enough, the overall productivity of that employee can drop to a certain degree. This is why it is important to not remove an individual too far from their comfort zone.

2. Increasing the workload.
As you can imagine, job enrichment can lead to an increase in the workload of the individual. As a concept, job enrichment can annoy employees, or be greeted with minimal enthusiasm, simply because it implies an increase in their workload. Getting past that, you can still have problems. Some employees are adept at reorganizing their priorities, and creating a schedule that incorporates everything, while avoiding burnout. Employees who do not have those talents may find themselves struggling to keep up. Their workload can become chaotic, and their productivity can suffer to an exceptional degree. Frustration can mount, as well. Worse yet, if this problem proves to be widespread within a company, the results can be disastrous.

3. Non-participant conflicts.
Job enrichment is great if everyone can qualify. Unfortunately, some businesses may have employees who claim they are ready for new and exciting things, but haven’t shown any of the qualities to indicate that. Conflicts can emerge in the form of disgruntlement, bitterness towards management, and resentment towards the employees who did in fact qualify for job enrichment.

4. Performance can prove to be poor.
If the job enrichment experience goes well, then everyone is going to benefit. At the same time, if the experience does not go well for the employee, the consequences of poor performance can be varied. Poor training, disinterest, or a difficulty in understanding the tasks can all lead to poor performance. In terms of actual consequences, the employee can feel as though they are incompetent. Poor performance can also give the employee a feeling of being beaten down. It can also cause embarrassment for the employee, since failing to perform certain responsibilities can lead to that employee having the responsibilities removed. This can increase the potential for bitterness, resentment, and poor performance in other aspects of work.

When it comes to being an introvert, there are numerous advantages to consider. At the same time, there are a number of advantages that you will also want to keep in mind. The introvert is defined as one who is shy, and perhaps reticent, as well. While this sounds like a demeanor that would emphasize the disadvantages, the truth is far more complex than that. As you will quickly find, there are a variety of introvert advantages and disadvantages to keep in mind.

Advantages Of Being An Introvert

There are several potential advantages to being an introvert that many people may not actually realize:

1. Introverts choose their words carefully.
One of the biggest advantages of working with an introvert is that while they will not speak often, their words will have considerable weight when they do. This is because you can expect an introvert to choose their words carefully.

2. Focus.
Maintaining an introvert personality often means pulling great deals of focus on an unconscious level. Not surprisingly, this focus can prove to be useful in a variety of ways.

3. Volumes of information.
A significant amount of evidence strongly points to the fact that introverts process greater volumes of information that anyone else.

4. They are typically quiet.
Many introverts could be defined as the quiet type, which can have a number of advantages. This is particularly true, in terms of introverts being really good tenants for landlords who don’t want someone they might have to worry about.

Disadvantages Of Being An Introvert

Are there disadvantages to being an introvert? Absolutely. There are several that you are going to want to keep in mind:

1. Social customs.
While introverts generally do not set out to be rude, there are elements to the behavior that can rub people the wrong way. This is largely due to the fact that being an introvert often means eschewing certain social customs.

2. Bad first impression.
As mentioned before, there are elements to the behavior of an introvert that can certainly serve to rub someone the wrong way. This can be particularly true when introductions are made.

3. Verbal communication.
Some introverts find verbal communication to be extremely difficult. If they find themselves becoming stressed out, the difficulties with communication can become even more pronounced.

4. No networking.
Introverts are capable of networking. Some can even excel at it, despite their personalities. However, many introverts find networking to be difficult and stressful. Because of the potential stress, many people choose to just avoid it completely.

Injections are administered in different ways. The most common methods are intravenous, subcutaneous and intramuscular. Intravenous injections are administered directly into the veins, usually at the forearms or at the wrists. Subcutaneous injections are administered into the skin, just under the topmost layer into the fat. Intramuscular injections are administered into the muscles, usually at the deltoid, gluteus or thigh. All these three methods of administering injections have their share of advantages and disadvantages. Here are the intramuscular injections advantages and disadvantages.

List of Advantages of Intramuscular Injections

1. Simple and Accessible
The method is simple and very accessible. When injections cannot be administered by doctors or no one trained is around, it is difficult to administer intravenous or even the subcutaneous injections. Intramuscular injections are much easier to administer. Most people can easily access their thigh muscles. One can even access the deltoid or the gluteus muscle.

2. Unaided Administering
There are medical devices available that make administering intramuscular injections easier but one doesn’t have to use them. With some intravenous injections and subcutaneous injections, you would depend on some medical devices. You don’t need to find a vein or the exact depth of the fat inside the skin.

3. Imperative for Many
Intramuscular injections are necessary to administer some vaccines and many drugs including immunoglobulins. You cannot administer these as subcutaneous or intravenous injections. Intramuscular injections can supply a larger volume of the drug or fluid. The intake is much more since muscles have a larger capacity than the veins. Since the medicine is not directly getting into the bloodstream, there is a sustained release which can have a desired effect in certain cases. Not everyone or every condition benefits from an instant release of a medicine into the bloodstream.

List of Disadvantages of Intramuscular Injections

1. Can be Ineffective
Intramuscular injections can be futile if the exact site where it is administered is not conducive to the ready absorption of the drug. Absorption is anyway poor with intramuscular injections, especially when you compare with intravenous injections, so wrong choice of site can easily lead to wastage.

2. Side Effects
Intramuscular injections have quite a few side effects. General discomfort is quite common. One may also experience severe pain where injected, numbness and tingling are common too, swelling and redness would certainly occur if the administration was not gentle, there can be drainage at the site, bleeding is possible and there can be allergies depending on the drug as well as the person’s vulnerability to various allergens.

Internet censorship is a contentious issue. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of internet censorship.

List of Advantages of Internet Censorship

1. Good for Underage Kids
The biggest advantage of internet censorship is protecting the rights of minors. Kids are not considered matured enough to choose what they see or what kind of content they access. This is why television shows, movies and games are certified to find the appropriate audience. Kids get exposed to porn, violent videos and all kinds of unnerving content which are not only unpleasant but they can prove to be very discomforting and unsettling for a child’s psyche.

2. Protecting the Rights of Women and Children
Internet censorship aimed at protecting rights of women, children and animals has many advantages. Naming and shaming women, videos of kids being bullied, cruelty against animals and myriad types of real but gruesome contents are available and circulated online which are clearly unacceptable. There are also dedicated attempts to malign the reputations of people, most notably trying to embarrass women by sharing leaked photos and videos.

3. Enhanced Cyber Security
Internet censorship will help cyber security of a country. Law enforcement agencies will be able to keep an unfailing focus on everything that is happening and will be able to prevent crimes or stop them at various phases of development. Websites are banned, digital interfaces are taken down and criminal proceedings are executed against organizations misusing the internet but there are still fraud transactions, identity thefts and the huge deep dark web. Internet censorship may make the virtual world a safer place.

4. Insulating Radical Notions
From Arab Spring to the growth of ISIS, the internet has been used for many positive and negative objectives. Arab Spring may have appeared to be empowering but it lead a country to an unsparing mess. ISIS is growing even today and influencing people around the world. Radical notions cannot be thwarted with internet censorship but one can at least insulate them and prevent them from affecting or inspiring people around the world.

List of Disadvantages of Internet Censorship

1. Not Pragmatic
The biggest problem with internet censorship is that it is perhaps impossible to do. Does anyone really know how to censor the internet in its totality? Banning a website is doable but it may crop up using another proxy server or domain name. You cannot block the whole galactic network unless you simply taken down the service providers.

2. Violates Rights
Internet censorship can be influenced. Truth may be kept away from the public. It can lead to propagandas serving special interests. In any case the government cannot decide or whoever the authority is as to what people want to read, watch or access, as long as it is not illegal.

3. Bad for Economy
Internet censorship may be bad for the economy. The government will have to spend much more. Businesses will have to bear the brunt of the fallout.