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Opposing Viewpoints

Osteopathy deals with musculoskeletal structure of the human body. It is a specialization in medicine that focuses on curing problems in muscles and bones, also in nerves by the virtue of working on the muscles and bones as they are all interconnected. Osteopathy is almost a hundred and fifty years old but manipulation of the musculoskeletal structure dates back several hundreds of years. Osteopathy has its share of advantages and disadvantages.

List of Pros of Osteopathy

1. Noninvasive, No Medication
Osteopathy is noninvasive. There is no surgery. You don’t have to take any medicine. Osteopathy therapies don’t involve any kind of drug. The therapies are almost entirely physical but at times dietary changes are recommended which is not a problem for anyone who is looking for relief to a serious musculoskeletal problem.

2. Relief from Many Ailments
Osteopathy can be used for a plethora of conditions and diseases. Neck pain, back pain, injuries, physical stress or anxiety related stress, tennis elbow, menstrual pain and even asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can be treated with osteopathy. Some conditions can be completely treated while others can be partly cured. Relief is certain with every osteopathy therapy.

3. Preventive Therapy
Osteopathy is not only effective in providing relief and curing a few conditions, it is also a preventive practice. Regular osteopathy therapy can replace massages or spa treatments to have better health, to be more agile and to keep musculoskeletal problems at bay. Various physical anomalies can be prevented with effective osteopathy therapy.

List of Cons of Osteopathy

1. Limited Scope
Osteopathy therapy often doesn’t work in serious cases. Extreme injuries, serious anomalies in the muscles or bones or nerves and complicated ailments cannot be treated with osteopathy and it may not offer any relief in some of these cases.

2. Not Recommended in Some Cases
Osteopathy should not be opted for when someone is suffering from bone infection, joint infection or some kind of unexplained inflammation, bone cancer, ligament tear or damage, rheumatoid arthritis and broken, dislocated or fractured bones among others. Osteopathy may worsen some of these ailments.

3. Side Effects
Osteopathy can have some side effects. There can be fatigue, soreness, mild or severe pain and headaches. These side effects are temporary and subside on their own. It is better to avoid any type of osteopathy therapy if you are on anticoagulant or blood thinning medicines. Osteopathy is not recognized as a mainstream practice and is not regulated in the United States.

Whether we are farmers or not, we all know that the success of any plant relies on how it is cared for. Providing the plant with the right amount of water and sun is a good start, however the difference between someone who really knows what plants requires and someone one who just has basic knowledge on how plants grow lies in the fertilizer.

When referring to fertilizers, the term organic generally means that the product has been minimally processed and therefore the nutrients are still bound up in their natural states instead of being extracted and refined. The term is also used to mean that the nutrients contained in the fertilizer are by-products of an organism or purely derived from an organism. Sewage sludge, fish emulsion, blood meal. Cottonseed meal and manure are some examples of organic fertilizers.

Organic fertilizer are normally sold as “soil conditioners” and not fertilizer due to their nutrient ratios being hard to specify. Organic fertilizers can be processed at a farm as a compost or manure or in a factory.

Pros of Organic Fertilizer

1. Apart from releasing nutrients, when organic fertilizers decompose, they improve soil structure increasing the soil’s ability to retain nutrients and water which eventually will make plants and soil strong and healthy.

2. Since organic fertilizers are slow-release, it is rare to over fertilize and harm the plants

3. The chances of toxins, salts, and chemicals building up in the soil are hardly there, therefore, your plants will be safe.

4. Organic fertilizers are biodegradable, renewable, environmentally friendly and also sustainable.

5. Even though they are a bit expensive in packing as compared to other forms of fertilizers, one can easily come up with his/her won composting or opt for inexpensive sources.

Cons of Organic Fertilizer

1. For organic manure to break down and nutrients are released into the soil, microorganisms are required. And because these microorganisms need moisture and warmth to carry out this process, organic fertilizers get limited seasonally. However, the good news is, the decaying matter in the organic manure itself will provide energy.

2. Organic manure decomposes naturally as nature wishes and hence they might not release nutrients as soon as needed. One has to be patient as improvement won’t be realized overnight. In fact, the plants may show signs of nutrients deficiency in the first months of the application as breakdown hasn’t picked up yet.

3. Nutrient ratios are unknown and their overall percentage is less than that of chemical fertilizers.

Organ transplants are a necessity. When organ transplant is the only difference between life and death or life laden with physical and other complications, there cannot really be any two sides of the argument debating the advantages and disadvantages. However, there are some pros and cons of organ transplants that must be discussed in a pragmatic way.

List of Pros of Organ Transplants

1. Life Saver, Facilitator of Better Life
Organ transplant is a life saver, in other words a life giver. Today, a person with an ailing liver, failing kidneys or heart can hope to live with an organ transplant. A blind person can see. An ailing person may become healthy. There is a myriad of amazing stories from around the world, countless lives being saved or changed for the better. Organ transplants don’t just benefit the recipient but also changes the lives of their loved ones.

2. Furthering Science
Organ transplants are a medical marvel. Works of innumerable people over the centuries have contributed to the modern methods of organ donation and transplant. The present methods are also a phase in further evolution of medical science. What was known about and understood of organ transplant a decade or two ago has evolved and today processes are safer, doctors know much more about most organs and this is a continuous process of getting better. Organ transplant thus plays a significant role in furthering our understanding of our own body and hence it advances medical science as we know it.

3. Unmatched Act of Kindness
Organ transplants allow people with perfectly good organs to donate them so someone can live or have a better life. Many people pledge to donate their organs when they die. This is not only an act of kindness but it is almost godly. There can be no greater joy or even accomplishment than to save someone’s life or to improve someone’s life, even if that person is a complete stranger.

List of Cons of Organ Transplants

1. Possible Risks
Organ transplants require surgery. These surgeries are always invasive. There are substantial risks of organ transplants. It is possible a surgery can go wrong, a particular body can reject an organ, there can be side effects after the procedure is done and a new organ doesn’t always assure a better life. There are case studies where people have died even after a successful organ transplant.

2. The Uncertain Wait
The waiting for an organ can be painful. A recipient may wait forever. The organ may not be available in time. The wait is also painful for the family of a deceased donor. A deceased person will be put on life support and shall be kept under observation and in waiting till the organ or organs are meticulously removed.

There are many types of telescopes, the more popular ones being x-ray telescope, ultraviolet telescope, infrared telescope and optical telescope. X-ray telescope uses the range of wavelength of light shorter than ultraviolet. Ultraviolet telescope uses the range of wavelength shorter than the visible light. Infrared telescope uses the range of wavelength longer than the visible light. Optical telescopes use the visible light spectrum. Other types include the sub-millimeter telescope that uses wavelengths longer than infrared light, Fresnel Imager which is a specific technology for optical lens, X-ray optics which uses some wavelengths shorter than ultraviolet light. There are gravitational wave telescope and neutrino telescope as well.

While a telescope in general is in fact an optical device or instrument which helps in observing or seeing remote objects using electromagnetic radiation, an optical telescope uses the visible spectrum of light as seen or observed by the naked human eye. Optical telescopes gather and focus on visible light to form a magnified image of an object and allow a direct view. This visual can be in the form of a photo or moving images. Electronic image sensors can also be used to collect and analyze the data. Optical telescope has three variants. One type uses lenses and hence classified as refractors. One uses mirrors and hence classified as reflectors. The third type combines mirrors and lenses. These are called catadioptric telescopes.

List of Pros of Optical Telescopes

1. Affordable and Available.
Optical telescopes use mirrors or lenses or both. They work with visible light which is the easiest to observe. The materials and the mechanisms are among the simplest. Optical telescopes are cheaper to make and hence more affordable for buyers. The cost and also the nature of its use ensure it is a commonly used device. In other words, they are widely available. You would not have to ransack niche stores or look out for that one company in the world making the instrument.

2. Easy to Use.
Optical telescopes are very convenient to use. They used to be very large before but today you can get small portable ones. It is true that the smaller ones aren’t amazing because they capture very little light so the viewing pleasure is adversely affected. However, you can carry one around, use it anywhere or anytime. There is no restriction to carrying or using optical telescopes. You would need licenses for some types of telescopes.

3. Visual Treat.
Optical telescopes are a visual treat. You would get to see amazing live pictures or images of space, you can focus on a few stars or a cluster, you can look for specific planets or other celestial objects. You can use optical telescopes to capture images and you can then frame these photos for your family and friends to see. Other technologies used in telescopes offer images that may not mean much to most people.

List of Cons of Optical Telescopes

1. Challenge of Weather and Atmospheric Turbulence.
Optical telescopes use visible light which is almost always subject to the influence of local conditions, most notably weather. There are manmade or artificial influences that will impair how visible light is observed and understood but weather remains a larger threat. If direct line of sight is impaired, if the visible light is minimal or weather affects the quantum of light reaching the device then optical telescopes will not function even remotely as they do on a clear night sky. Also, the weather is not confined to the troposphere or stratosphere but spans ionosphere and exosphere before space events play spoilsport. Any kind of turbulence in the higher levels of the atmosphere can affect the light reaching the telescope.

2. Unusable during the Day.
Since visible light is the key component for optical telescopes to work, one has to depend on darkness. Daytime viewing is difficult as the mighty sun and its glorious light makes distant stars almost impossible to observe. Nighttime viewing is amazing but not everyone can stay up late at night for a celestial adventure.

3. Great Optical Telescopes are Big and Heavy.
The best optical telescopes are quite big in size. They are not easy to carry around. In fact, you can forgo portability. You will need to dismantle the whole piece, carry it in your car or van and then set it up at the site where you wish to be. This is both time consuming and laborious. The smallest ones have very little light reaching the lens, mirror or both so they don’t offer vast panoramas or vistas. The big ones or the more advanced ones are also heavy. Many are almost impossible for a single person to carry. Of course there are lighter variants but the big ones are usually installed at one place, not meant to be moved unless it is being shifted onetime to another observatory.

One of the easiest ways to learn something new, then it involves operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is one of the most common ways we learn something because when something happens, whether it’s good or bad, your mind is remembering the action. For example, if you ever burned your hand on the stove as a kid, you learned very quickly that if the stove was hot, that meant that you shouldn’t touch it. That is a prime example of operant conditioning. While it is good, it is not perfect, but it’s quite easy to learn very quickly that it has its positives and negatives.

Operant Conditioning Advantages

When it comes to advantages, you have to consider the fact that it’s the easiest natural way to learn something. It’s one of the best ways to train animals, also. Animals, especially dogs or pigs, tend to learn based on reward or punishment. When you reward an animal for doing something, you’re conditioning it to associate a given action with something positive.

If you hit the dog, you’re using operant conditioning to tell it something negative that it did. By using both of these principles, you’ll be able to successfully integrate the use of operant conditioning to do something positive. Now if you’re still having issues on the other end of the spectrum, it’s also entirely possible that you’re simple not cut out to use operant conditioning, but that’s something you’ll have to do on both ends to ensure that it’s actually positive.

Operant Conditioning Negatives

While it’s very effective, you have to understand that there are a lot of issues with operant conditioning. Many of these are issues that are very hard to trace outside of your given vicinity as well. If you’re having a lot of issues, you’ll have to keep in mind that operant conditioning, although easy, is often too simple to teach very complex concepts. Therefore, if you’re really trying to communicate a really complex or in-depth thing to someone else, you’ll have to be prepared to encounter a lot of issues.

If the same problem were to happen when trying to a concept to an animal or someone else, you’d have to recognize that the operant conditioning is also to blame. Unlike a lot of other methods of instruction, it’s definitely one of the best, but you’ll have to know how it works to use it effectively from top to bottom.

Times have changed a lot over the past just twenty or ten years. Today instead of booking flights and heading to cheap hotels, conference meetings with bosses and coworkers can happen from the comfort of your bedroom. Now you can sit in front of your screen, clad in a suit and tie, while wearing your plaid pajama bottoms! Although, as great as this all sounds, it does make one wonder what we’re losing from doing almost everything online. Now instead of talking with our coworkers and building strong relationships, the growing majority logs onto a computer database where assignments are assigned right there. So the next time you’re preparing for a conference, here are somethings to think about and what makes online conferences so awesome, but also what you risk losing as well.

Advantages of Online Conferencing

1. It’s no secret that being able to wake up late, avoid complicated flight routines and sleeping in your own bed are all advantages to online conferences. Not only is it more comfortable but it’s worlds cheaper.

2. The majority of workplaces don’t cover the fees of travel and lodge, leaving the costs on your shoulders.

3. Online conferences are a much cheaper alternative. Not only is it cheaper, but often times it’s much more flexible.

4. For some one on one work interviews, it makes it much easier to plan when two people can get in front of their computer screens instead of when those two people can meet up on the same day at the same place!

Disadvantages of Online Conferencing

1. Not everyone’s internet is great. That’s a given.

2. Now mix slow internet, with an old computer, a house full of kids and you’ve got yourself a nightmare situation! Not only are technical limitations an issue but, as stated earlier, work relationships don’t bud at all when your meeting each other on the screen, strictly talking about business.

3. In today’s day and age, relationships are becoming more and more shallow, with no depth.

4. This makes people feel even more alone. Talking with coworkers and building relationships no matter how intimidating or aggravating as it may sound it is still important. And with online conference calls it’s becoming more and more scare all together.

No matter what great inventions we have today or will create tomorrow, we’re always losing something. Whether it be friendships made or frustrating internet connections, we still face problems with even the most convenient of creations. So it’s up to you what you want to endure and avoid!

Everyone’s seen the adds and the campaigns. Smoking isn’t good. But to some it’s what gets them through stressful days or keeps them going on their long shift. Whoever you are it’s always good to know what’s better. Some would agree that smoking isn’t so bad, so long as you keep it under control and is only used to calm your nerves in a particularly stressful situation. While others would agree that not smoking would be the best solution, having good health and saving your money for more important endeavors are what matters to them. Let’s look at both sides, so you can decide which is better for you.


For some, a cigarette break is a must. Going out to take a break from constant tasks and work is best spent with something that can calm your nerves. And since a cup of piping hot herbal tea isn’t always available, a cigarette can be the next best thing for some. Helping with stress and anxiety, it’s a nice alternative when in comparison to spending your days worrying about every little thing. Many agree that as long as the habit stays under control and comes second when paying the bills in expenses, that smoking isn’t so bad.


While some struggle with anxiety, other’s argue that cigarettes make stress and anxiety worse. Saying there’s a difference between satisfying anxiety and making yourself more dependent on something that inadvertently gives you more anxiety when a cigarette is unavailable. To boot, the habit costs money, something lots of penny pinchers and savers alike don’t like at all. On top of the cost and the health risks it also makes finding a job in a professional high paying position that much harder, with many companies asking for nonsmokers, especially in the healthcare market and child care.

What it all comes down to is you. When it comes to smoking, it’s a good way to relax stress and to meet people on your smoke break. But with nonsmoking more jobs are made available and your more independent and healthy. The argument involving smoking and nonsmoking is not a new one to discuss. And sometimes, people are torn on whether to quit smoking or just allow the habit to run at a controlled pace. At the end of it all. It comes to what you’re willing to pay and if what you’re paying is worth it.

When you consider the concept of neoliberalism, it’s important to understand that politically, this is a movement that is still very recent in terms of the length of time it’s existed. Whereas things such as neoconservatism and others are relatively new in their own right, people are just starting to wake up to the fact that there are other forms of liberalism and conservatism, but neoliberalism is especially new. While it is constantly promoted and criticized at the same time, it’s important to understand it conceptually from top to bottom to really get a good idea of what the philosophy means politically speaking, and what we can do to ensure we have a complete idea of the positive and benefits of it.

Advantages of Neoliberalism

1. The Philosophy
For one, it’s important to understand that any philosophy that has the word “neo” in it implies that it is new. When it comes to neoliberalism, this is a brand-new ideology that has never before been seen. This means that unlike philosophies of old, there are actually new concepts and ideas being espoused. This is a great thing about it. This means that rather than having a smaller government, there will be much more in terms of new ideas that ceom from it. Rather than relying on old or outdated concepts, a lot more people are willing to open their mind to it.

2. Increased Governmental Influence
Also, neoliberalism features bigger governmental influence, which ensures that if a president or politician actually wants to get something done, they can use neoliberalism to their advantage and actually advocate for some progressive change. This is in stark contrast to a lot of other ideologies where the only thing promoted is a foundation of consistency and normalcy. To really get progressive change, it demands that someone open their mind, and that is precisely where neoliberalism comes into play.

Disadvantages of Neoliberalism

1. Smaller Government
Classical liberals are supposed to be in favor of smaller government, and that is ironically one of the biggest disadvantages of neoliberalism. Rather than ensuring that government doesn’t become too oppressive, instead, it can actually become bigger and stronger. This can be a bad thing because if you’re worried about unchecked governmental influence, it won’t be able to be stopped under a neoliberalistic banner of sorts.

Overall, while it is a good political philosophy, people should be aware that at times it can simply be way too powerful for its own good.

Nationalism is one of the fastest rising trends in the world, but overall, there has been stiff resistance to this movement, but regardless there is good and bad regarding nationalisation. While it is a powerful political movement, it has to be understood that it is significantly changing the way that world moves politically speaking. Whether you feel that nationalisation is good or bad, the truth is somewhere in the middle. The fact of the matter is, there is no doubt that while it does have some valid problems, there are a lot of good things concerning it, so it’s important to be aware of them.

Nationalisation Advantages

When it comes to nationalisation, there are plenty of advantages. For one, economically speaking, it ensures that a government can stay homogenized and the economy top-to-bottom can be nationalized. This is great because it ensures that everyone in the economy can benefit, and the industries are all united. This is an economic system that really benefits a lot of nations because usually they cannot survive with all of the internal division economically speaking. When you are able to nationalize, you ensure that every part of the country regardless of where it’s from is able to survive. This is very critical in a whole lot of areas because there is no doubt that a lot of problems can pop up. Rather than ensuring that happens to you, you can do whatever you want to make it a balanced system, which is where you have a fair share of international economic income as as well as nationalized income, but together you can ensure that you’re making a good balance of income.

Nationalisation Disadvantages

One of the big problems with nationalisation is that it lacks a serious infrastructure. There is no doubt that when you have an economy based around nationalisation, there may be a serious lack of diversity. This means that international industries could easily poach domestic industry and prices could be very high for consumers, leading to a lower standard of living. There is also no doubt that when you have an economy that deals with brutal nationalisation, there is no ability to diversify anything, and when that happens, you can pigeonhole your economy and give it a lot of problems.

Overall, you have to understand that there is no doubt that being in a place where nationalisation occurs, you have to understand that it can be a major issue, but at the same time, it can be good.

Mustard oil is an extremely popular part of Indian culture and traditions. Not only is it used in the kitchen, it is commonly used as part of daily beauty regimens. There is a long list of benefits of you can reap from the use of mustard oil.

What is Mustard Oil?

Mustard oil is a bright yellow, pungent oil derived from mustard seeds, and is known to be rich in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. It also contains erucic acid, which is dangerous when ingested in large doses. The fatty vegetable oil is a staple in most Indian homes. It is used for cooking, candle lightings, medicinal purposes and beauty enhancement.

Benefits of Mustard Oil

Mustard oil has an impressive amount of loyal supporters. We have compiled a list of the benefits you can expect with regular use.

Natural sunscreen.
The oil is packed with vitamin E, which is a natural protector of the skin. Vitamin E helps with aging, blocking UV rays and preventing skin cancer.

Topical skin treatment.
Mustard oil can be used to treat rashes on the skin and infections. Its anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties helps speed up the healing process. It is also very helpful with itchy, dry skin.

Hair treatments.
Mustard oil has been reported to be beneficial to the hair and scalp in a variety of ways. It is said to help prevent hair loss and premature greying. When used as a hot oil treatment regularly, the result will be shiny, luxurious locks.

Removes age spots.
If you are starting to experience age spots, or have dark areas on the skin, a mixture of the oil applied frequently is very effective for skin lightening.

Natural stimulant.
Mustard oil can stimulate many parts of the body, which can be very beneficial. The circulatory, digestive and excretory systems all react when the oil is used. Increased blood circulation and sweat glands will keep you active while regulating your body temperature.

Disadvantages of Mustard Oil Use

As with everything, there are some cons associated with the use of mustard oil.

Contains erucic acid.
This is number one on list of negative attributes of mustard oil. Many people believe it can pose serious health problems such as heart, digestive, respiratory and blood issues.

Minor allergic reactions.
While not typically serious, these reactions can be annoying. They usually consist of redness, itching and dryness.

Increased risk of dropsy.
This results in unusual swelling and fluid retention that caused by severe edema.

Sinus irritation.
Some users will experience inflammation of their sinuses when used. These side effects include: sneezing, coughing, congestion or runny nose.


There are both advantages and disadvantages to using mustard oil. Everyone is different, so it is important to weigh both the pros and cons related to your personal situation. It is recommended to always speak to your physician before adding any supplement used for healing purposes to your daily regimen.