Autocracy is a form of government in which power is controlled by only one ruler or authority. Its historical forms are dictatorship and absolute monarchy. Totalitarianism and military dictatorship can also be considered autocratic government forms but only if it is controlled by one person or ruler who has the supreme power.
There are several positive and negative implications for a country under an autocratic ruler. To have a better understanding of this controversial government form, let us discuss the opposing views by supporters and critics.
List of Advantages of Autocracy Government
1. Faster Decision-making
Proponents of this government form claim that having one ruler or person to decide on matters concerning a nation and without distractions and influences of others make it easier for the leader to make sound decisions he or she thinks works for the interest of the country. If the dictator is good-hearted and is not self-serving, this form of government can lead the nation to a promising future. Additionally, in emergency cases where help and action are needed, decisions can be made and carried out immediately.
2. No Opposition
With only an absolute monarch or a ruler to create and enact laws, there will be no other political parties that can oppose what bills or executive orders will be passed. This makes it easier for the government to come up with plans and carrying them out. This can result to progress and prosperity of a country.
3. Strong Leadership
An autocratic leadership requires a leader who is strong, powerful and firm when it comes to making decisions and controlling a nation. An autocratic leader usually has military control and is the one who can impose on a group of people to follow his or her rules and instructions. This characteristic plays an important role in taking bold actions against enemies. With this kind of leadership, people can have a form of security since they know they have a strong leader who can act on emergency situations whether economical or territorial.
List of Disadvantages of Autocracy Government
1. Absolute Power
Critics of the autocratic form of government say that with this kind of leadership, power is only exercised by one person. If the leader is greedy and is not a good person, he or she will use the power to accumulate riches and abuse the people.
2. No Elections
With an autocracy government, the ruler will stay in power as long as he or she lives because there will be no elections unlike in a democratic government where the citizens are allowed to choose their leaders. In an autocratic leadership, succession of power will be within the family of the autocratic leader. With no elections to take place, the people will not be able to demand for change and voice out issues that go against the leadership of an autocrat.
3. Instills Fear
A dictatorial government, with only one person controlling the reins of governance can leave people fearing for their lives. This is because in this form of government, the people are expected to obey the rules or face hefty fines and punishment for not following the ruler. In some countries where this government type exists, people are afraid because they know what a dictator is capable of doing.
Autocracy government has its benefits and drawbacks. While it works for some, it makes other uncomfortable and fearful.
Natalie Regoli is a child of God, devoted wife, and mother of two boys. She has a Masters Degree in Law from The University of Texas. Natalie has been published in several national journals and has been practicing law for 18 years.