There are numerous job enrichment advantages and disadvantages. Business owners can utilize this measure to increase the depth of an individual’s job, rather than the quantity of that person’s job. Job enrichment provides employees with the opportunity to try things. These things can include responsibilities that were not initially included in their job description.
As you can imagine, there are a variety of advantages and disadvantages to this concept. It is interesting to note that the advantages and disadvantages apply to not only the owners of the businesses. These things can also apply to the employees who make up the company.
List Of Advantages Of Job Enrichment
As a means for business owners to try their employees out on new things, job enrichment has a number of advantages. In terms of job enrichment pros, you can consider the following:
1. Employees can learn new skills.
Through trying new things, employees can eventually learn to develop new skills. An employee who is tasked with managing a new task will often have to complete additional, smaller tasks within the larger one. Without taking the employee too far out of their comfort zone, it can be possible to use job enrichment to utilize established skills in new and exciting ways. With the foundation of the skills they have, they will be in the best position possible to develop new skills through their new responsibilities. These new skills can then serve to provide the individual with benefits in other aspects of their work.
2. Employees can reduce boredom.
Over time, employees can get bored with doing the same old thing. This can lead to a decline in morale, which can then lead to a decline in motivation. In order to alleviate the boredom that can arise from individuals performing nothing beyond the particulars of their job description, the enrichment measure can provide them with the spark of being able to try something new.
3. Employees can receive recognition.
Through job enrichment, you can more accurately determine the strengths and weaknesses of your employees. If someone performs a task particularly well, it can lead to recognition in a variety of forms. It can even lead to promotions.
4. Employees can remain motivated.
When a business owner trusts their employees with new tasks that are complex and engaging, employee motivation can take a dramatic upswing. This is because the employees are going to feel validated and respected. When they feel validated and respected, they will become more efficient in the workplace.
Disadvantages Of Job Enrichment
While there are some clear advantages to job enrichment, there are also a number of disadvantages of job enrichment that you will want to keep in mind. In terms of the problematic elements to job enrichment that can emerge, consider the following:
1. Lack of training.
Giving employees greater depth of tasks can cause problems through their lack of experience and training. If these things are significant enough, the overall productivity of that employee can drop to a certain degree. This is why it is important to not remove an individual too far from their comfort zone.
2. Increasing the workload.
As you can imagine, job enrichment can lead to an increase in the workload of the individual. As a concept, job enrichment can annoy employees, or be greeted with minimal enthusiasm, simply because it implies an increase in their workload. Getting past that, you can still have problems. Some employees are adept at reorganizing their priorities, and creating a schedule that incorporates everything, while avoiding burnout. Employees who do not have those talents may find themselves struggling to keep up. Their workload can become chaotic, and their productivity can suffer to an exceptional degree. Frustration can mount, as well. Worse yet, if this problem proves to be widespread within a company, the results can be disastrous.
3. Non-participant conflicts.
Job enrichment is great if everyone can qualify. Unfortunately, some businesses may have employees who claim they are ready for new and exciting things, but haven’t shown any of the qualities to indicate that. Conflicts can emerge in the form of disgruntlement, bitterness towards management, and resentment towards the employees who did in fact qualify for job enrichment.
4. Performance can prove to be poor.
If the job enrichment experience goes well, then everyone is going to benefit. At the same time, if the experience does not go well for the employee, the consequences of poor performance can be varied. Poor training, disinterest, or a difficulty in understanding the tasks can all lead to poor performance. In terms of actual consequences, the employee can feel as though they are incompetent. Poor performance can also give the employee a feeling of being beaten down. It can also cause embarrassment for the employee, since failing to perform certain responsibilities can lead to that employee having the responsibilities removed. This can increase the potential for bitterness, resentment, and poor performance in other aspects of work.
Natalie Regoli is a child of God, devoted wife, and mother of two boys. She has a Master's Degree in Law from The University of Texas. Natalie has been published in several national journals and has been practicing law for 18 years.