Every nation needs a form of government to survive and keep the welfare and interest of its citizens on track. It is also important for leaders and people to know which type will work best. Dictatorship is a form of government of some countries, including North Korea and Cuba. Throughout history, the world has witnessed the rise and fall of dictators like Hitler, Stalin and Saddam Hussein. And although dictatorships have been frowned upon by critics and seen in negative ways, there are also people who find dictatorships to be effective.
What is Dictatorship?
This is a form of government where only one political party, entity or leader is in control of running a nation. It is a type of authoritarianism wherein a person or a political party dictates on the behavior of the citizenry as a whole.
Dictatorships are acquired in four ways, namely: family dictatorship, military dictatorship, constitutional dictatorship and self-coup. Dictators can rise to power by either inheriting the position from family ties, taking over the government through coup d’etat, getting elected brought about by an emergency or doing away democratic mechanisms after being elected constitutionally.
List of Pros of Dictatorships
1. Dictatorships have the ability to make nations progressive.
Any kind of government can make mistakes and have flaws in the way it handles issues and implement policies. However, it can also make good decisions and have effective laws. But there will be challenges that might cause delay and which may need to be resolved quickly. In this aspect, this is where dictatorships play a big role. Since they can calibrate the legal framework and do not need coalition to implement laws and come up with decisions, matters will be dealt with the soonest time possible. With this ability, dictators can focus more on their goals and vision of running progressive countries. Since they don’t have special interests to protect as opposed to democratic governments, they are more capable to modernize their countries.
2. Dictatorships result to stable governments.
Supporters of dictatorships are drawn to this form of government because dictators usually stay in power for years, even decades. If a dictator is great and has the heart for the people, he or she will be implementing laws and creating a platform that will bring prosperity and abundance to the country. Dictatorships are ideal if the advocacies of the dictators are pro-people and pro-government. In democratic governments, however, elections are held regularly. This can result to shaky governments since there will be new leaders after several years. Laws and policies will be modified every now and then, which can result to unstable governments. Elections after every few years can also disrupt long term government projects, according to advocates.
3. Dictatorships lessen crime rates.
Proponents of this type of government assert that most of the countries run by dictators have lesser crimes than those with a democratic form of government. This is because nations under dictatorships have harsh penalties against criminals. These types of leaders also have the power to impose martial law and curfews any time they please. Thus, people are careful not to misbehave or violate the laws for fear of getting punished or imprisoned. With the power of dictators to strict policies, they can enforce discipline and order in society.
4. Dictatorships are good for the economy.
Advocates for dictatorships say that elections can be very expensive, including the electoral process, campaigns, propaganda and all the other costs of holding an election. This is something that democratic countries have to shoulder but not countries run by dictators. People who are in favor of dictatorships add that the money can be spent on other important government projects such as housing and help for victims of natural calamities.
List of Cons of Dictatorships
1. Dictatorships lead to abuse of power.
One of the arguments of opponents of dictatorships is the tendency of dictators to enjoy the power they have which make them more greedy and self-serving. They say that these leaders are surrounded by armies and security personnel complete with heavy armory making it easy for them to do what they please at the expense of the citizens.
2. Dictatorships lead to mass killings.
Another setback brought about by dictatorships is the rising number of deaths and killings of innocent people. With one leader and a small group having control over a nation, it is possible for people to go against the government overtly or secretly. Dictators are not happy about this. With strict laws and no one to go against their actions, it will be easy to get rid of people they consider as enemies. Critics point out that there are countries under dictatorships where people live in fear because innocent victims who are falsely accused of rebellion are killed and punished.
3. Dictatorships result to political unrest which is not good for the people in the long run.
Critics contend the views of supporters that dictatorships are good for the economy. For them, it is exactly the opposite. With the absolute power dictators hang on to come harsh laws and penalties as well as self-serving policies and legislations. Sooner or later, the people will not be able to take the situation they are in and can lead to unrest. There will come a time when they would want to overthrow these dictators. If these things happen, there will be chaos and civil war in these countries. And while these things are happening, the economy will be greatly affected. They also say that even if dictatorships end because of people power, it will be hard for these countries to rise and resolve problems of their nations within the next few years.
There are several types of government yet there is no perfect form of government. Dictatorships are not spared from criticisms even if supporters have expressed their views. There will always be benefits and setbacks for government types especially those which focus on serving only a small group of politicians or a person. The pros and cons maintained by both sides can help readers gauge if dictatorships are good for the people but a better way to find out is to look at how countries run by dictators fair.