One of the forms of government is authoritarian. This type is often described as one that has a central government as well as limited political freedom. Unlike an autocratic government, an authoritarian government can have elections. It is also associated to what is known as “blind leadership theory” in that the people have to obey the laws enacted by an authoritarian government.
Just like any other form of government, authoritarian leadership has its pros and cons. It helps to have an idea of its benefits and drawbacks for better understanding.
List of Advantages of Authoritarian Government
1. No Monopoly in Businesses
With the government having central power, it can impose on the prices of commodities being sold by manufacturers to consumers. Since a central government dictates on what products and services are to be offered as well as the number of products to be manufactured or sold in the market, business owners will not be able to monopolize the industry.
2. Instills Discipline
One of the advantages of this form of government is that it imposes rules and laws on the people and this somehow make them become cautious of their actions and be obedient. As a result, this can instill discipline among the subordinates.
3. Faster Law-making Process
Supporters of an authoritarian government posit that with only a few people to come up with laws and decide whether bills are to be passed or not, decisions will be faster and the people can benefit from these laws as soon as possible.
4. Has Policy Goals
Advocates for an authoritarian government claim that this regime exists with policy goals that can result to change, say, eradicating corruption in government. This type of governance is effective in a country where the previous government was not able to solve problems like insurgency, unemployment and corruption.
List of Disadvantages of Authoritarian Government
1. Lesser Freedom
Critics of this form of government say that since the government is run by a leader who heads a central agency or a group of authorities, power will be enjoyed by a small group of people and the people will not have the freedom to voice their concerns and issues. There will be no freedom of speech as well as individual and political freedom.
2. Potential Abuse of Power
Opponents of authoritarian leadership in government argue that since decisions and control of the nation are under the discretion of a single power, there is a tendency for the leader to be greedy for power and eventually abuse this for self-gratification.
3. Possible Unrest of Citizens
People who are not in favor of having a small group of people with power and who dictate on the lives of the citizens are concerned that there will come a time when these people will be sick and tired of their limited freedom. When this happens, this can lead to protests by the people who can turn violent and this can affect not only the economy but also the lives of the majority.
4. Government over the People
In an authoritarian form of government, individualism is permitted so long as it serves the interest of the state. Also, the rights of the people are only acknowledged if these answer to the needs of the government.
An authoritarian government is somehow in the middle of totalitarianism or dictatorship and a democratic form of government. This is why despite its negative aspects there are also benefits people can enjoy.